Brief Intervention of Minority Adolescents. Grant

abstract

  • DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Brief Intervention for Minority Adolescent Drinkers' is a five-year research project designed to develop and test a developmentally and culturally sensitive, school-based, brief intervention for high risk African-American and Hispanic/Latino adolescent drinkers enrolled in alternative high schools. Alternative school students report (a) earlier first drink, first time drunk, and first marijuana use, (b) more polysubstance use, and (c) more frequent and heavy use of illicit substances than traditional high school students. In addition, alternative school students are disproportionately from ethnic/cultural minority groups, and very little empirical research has examined the effectiveness of alcohol or other drug interventions for minorities of any age. The primary goal of the proposed research is to conduct a randomized clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of a developmentally and culturally congruent school-based motivational interviewing intervention with alcohol abusing alternative school students. Participants (n = 540) will be randomly assigned to two treatment conditions: (1) assessment plus a motivational interviewing feedback session (A+MI) or (2) assessment plus a brief advice session (A+BA). Participants will be evaluated at study entry, and at three-month, six-month and nine-month follow-ups. We hypothesize that adolescents assigned to A+MI will demonstrate significantly greater reductions in alcohol use than adolescents assigned to (A+BA). Additional study aims will examine the moderating effects of cultural and ethnic factors (e.g., perceived discrimination, cultural mistrust, acculturation, acculturation stress) on intervention response. The ultimate aim of the proposed study is to develop more effective interventions for high risk alternative school drinkers, particularly ethnic/cultural minority adolescents.

date/time interval

  • July 1, 2004 - June 30, 2010

sponsor award ID

  • 5R01AA013825-05

local award ID

  • AWD000000000784

contributor

  • Gil, Andres   Co-Principal Investigator   2004 - 2010
  • Wagner, Eric   Principal Investigator   2004 - 2010

keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Adolescent
  • African American
  • Age
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Alcohol or Other Drugs use
  • Alcohols
  • Condition
  • Development
  • Discrimination
  • Drug abuse
  • Effectiveness
  • Effectiveness of Interventions
  • Empirical Research
  • Enrollment
  • Ethnic Origin
  • Evaluation
  • Feedback
  • Gender
  • Goals
  • Hispanics
  • Intervention
  • Latino
  • Marijuana
  • Minority
  • Minority Groups
  • Numbers
  • Participant
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Population
  • Process
  • Randomized
  • Randomized Clinical Trials
  • Reporting
  • Research
  • Research Project Grants
  • Risk
  • Sampling
  • Schools
  • Services
  • Stress
  • Students
  • Substance abuse problem
  • Testing
  • Time
  • Treatment outcome
  • Youth
  • alcohol and other drug
  • alcohol intervention
  • base
  • design
  • drinking
  • early /brief intervention /therapy
  • high school
  • motivational enhancement therapy
  • response
  • social
  • underage drinking