A Longitudinal Study of substance Abuse and HIV Risk Among Adult Latina Mother-Da Grant

abstract

  • DESCRIPTION (provided by the applicant): The HIV contraction rate for Latina women in the U.S. is six times the rate for non-Latina, White women. Latinas are suffering disparate negative consequences from substance use disorders, including intimate partner violence, incarceration, homelessness, and medical ailments. Our long-term goal is to reduce the incidence of HIV and substance abuse related health disparities among Latinas. The objective of this application, which is a significant step in pursuit of this goal, is to determine how substance use (both licit and illicit) and HIV risk behavior trajectories of a community-based sample of Latina mothers and daughters are influenced by changes in familial mechanisms (mother-daughter acoplamiento or attachment), cultural processes, and other social determinants of substance abuse and HIV risk behaviors over time. The study design involves four waves of data collection. Baseline data were collected in a cross-sectional pilot study of intergenerational drug use and HIV risk behaviors among Latina mothers and daughters funded by NIDA (R24DA014260, PI: Mario De La Rosa, Ph.D.). Three new longitudinal assessments are proposed to follow-up on baseline assessment. The first new follow-up assessment will be spaced approximately 5 years from the original study's baseline assessment. The remaining two follow-up assessments will occur 1 year from the preceding follow-up assessment. Our first aim is to determine the influence of cultural and social determinants on trajectories of change for substance use and HIV risk behaviors among a community-based sample of Latina mothers and daughters. The working hypothesis is that Latina mothers and daughters who experience (1) more acculturation to U.S. culture; (2) poorer socioeconomic conditions; (3) a loss of interpersonal supports; (4) less religious involvement; (5) involvement with the criminal justice system; (6) intimate partner violence; (7) greater employment, relationship, and/or residential related chronic stress; or (8) declining mental health and medical status since their baseline assessment will exhibit either an increase in or maintenance of high rates of substance use and HIV risk behaviors over the 7 year assessment time period. Our second aim is to determine the influence of mother-daughter attachment on trajectories of change for substance use and HIV risk behaviors. Latina mothers and daughters who either increase their levels of attachment or maintain consistently high levels of attachment will report reduced or consistently lower levels of substance use and HIV risk behaviors over a 7 year time period. Our third aim is to determine the moderating role of mother-daughter attachment on associations between experiences of detrimental social determinants and trajectories of change for substance use and HIV risk behaviors.

date/time interval

  • March 3, 2010 - May 31, 2016

sponsor award ID

  • 1R01NR012150-01

local award ID

  • AWD000000001084

contributor

keywords

  • AIDS prevention
  • AIDS/HIV problem
  • Accounting
  • Acculturation
  • Adolescent
  • Adopted
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Age
  • Alcohol or Other Drugs use
  • American
  • Anger
  • Buffers
  • Censuses
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
  • Chronic stress
  • Communication
  • Communities
  • County
  • Criminal Justice
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Data
  • Data Collection
  • Daughter
  • Development
  • Doctor of Philosophy
  • Dominican
  • Drug usage
  • Employment
  • Environment
  • Equilibrium
  • Exhibits
  • Funding
  • Goals
  • HIV
  • Health
  • Hispanics
  • Homelessness
  • Honduran
  • Illicit Drugs
  • Imprisonment
  • Incidence
  • Individual
  • Institution
  • Laboratories
  • Latina
  • Latino
  • Learning
  • Life
  • Link
  • Literature
  • Longevity
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Maintenance
  • Medical
  • Mental Health
  • Methodology
  • Methods
  • Mexican
  • Minority Groups
  • Modeling
  • Mothers
  • National Institute of Drug Abuse
  • Outcome
  • Participant
  • Pilot Projects
  • Population
  • Population Growth
  • Prevention
  • Prevention program
  • Prevention strategy
  • Process
  • Public Health
  • Puerto Rican
  • Religion and Spirituality
  • Reporting
  • Research
  • Research Design
  • Risk
  • Risk Behaviors
  • Role
  • Rosa
  • Sampling
  • Substance Use Disorder
  • Substance abuse problem
  • System
  • Teenagers
  • Testing
  • Time
  • Trust
  • United States
  • United States National Institutes of Health
  • United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
  • Variant
  • Woman
  • Work
  • aged
  • base
  • experience
  • follow up assessment
  • follow-up
  • health disparity
  • innovation
  • intergenerational
  • intimate partner violence
  • longitudinal design
  • prevent
  • programs
  • psychologic
  • social
  • socioeconomics
  • substance abuse prevention
  • success
  • theories
  • treatment program