Migration, Tourism and the HIV-drug use Syndemic in the Dominican Republic Grant

abstract

  • The Caribbean region has the second highest prevalence rates of HIV in the world following sub-Saharan Africa and is one of the region's most affected by illicit drug use and drug trafficking. Focusing on men's changing work, migration, and sexual and drug use behavior in the Dominican Republic, the proposed mixed- methods collaborative study examines how HIV risk and drug use among migrant men are related to (1) patterns of migration and (2) the social environments of tourism areas. We relate contemporary demographic changes to HIV and drug use practices through the notion of tourism ecologies - geographically constrained areas in which five ecological features (social isolation; social stigma; business norms; touristic escapism; and drug and alcohol availability) are hypothesized to contribute to high risk behaviors. Our research relies fundamentally on a long-standing multisectoral Community Advisory Board involving private tourism representatives, government, public health officials, and civil society. Data collection consists o: (1) semi- structured interviews with 36 systematically selected male migrant workers in two coastal tourism areas (two interviews per subject = 72 sessions); (2) ethnographic mapping and spatial analysis using Arc-GIS in two tourism areas; (3) a cross-sectional survey with 400 male migrant workers in two research sites; and (4) the implementation of a pilot intervention with 40 migrant male tourism workers. This study contributes to public health knowledge and health promotion in three key ways. First, it identifies the factors in tourism areas that most contributeto HIV risk and drug use, contributing to the development and piloting of an evidence-based intervention. Second, it draws on an extensive literature to systematically analyze the health effects of tourism environments in high-risk settings for HIV and drug use. Finally, it incorporate a participatory process to research that will strengthen local relevance, research translation, andthe impact on health policies and programs.

date/time interval

  • September 30, 2013 - May 31, 2016

sponsor award ID

  • 1R01DA031581-01A1

local award ID

  • AWD000000003088

contributor

keywords

  • AIDS/HIV problem
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  • Address
  • Affect
  • Africa South of the Sahara
  • Alcohol or Other Drugs use
  • Area
  • Behavior
  • Businesses
  • Caribbean region
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
  • Cocaine
  • Cognitive
  • Communities
  • Country
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Data
  • Data Collection
  • Development
  • Dominican
  • Dominican Republic
  • Drug usage
  • Ecology
  • Educational workshop
  • Environment
  • Epidemic
  • Ethnography
  • Evaluation
  • Evidence based intervention
  • Face
  • Feedback
  • Female
  • Goals
  • Government
  • Growth
  • HIV
  • HIV risk
  • Haiti
  • Health
  • Health Policy
  • Health Promotion
  • Heroin
  • Heterosexuals
  • High Prevalence
  • Illicit Drugs
  • Intervention
  • Interview
  • Investments
  • Island
  • Labor Migrations
  • Link
  • Literature
  • Location
  • Maps
  • Mediation
  • Mediator of activation protein
  • Methods
  • Migrant Workers
  • Nomads
  • Pattern
  • Perception
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Phase
  • Preparation
  • Prevention
  • Prevention Research
  • Preventive Intervention
  • Procedures
  • Process
  • Prostitution
  • Public Health
  • Recording of previous events
  • Recruitment Activity
  • Research
  • Review Literature
  • Risk
  • Risk Behaviors
  • Route
  • Sales
  • Sampling
  • Self Efficacy
  • Shapes
  • Site
  • Social Environment
  • Social Problems
  • Social isolation
  • Structure
  • Testing
  • Theft
  • Translational Research
  • United States
  • United States National Institutes of Health
  • Work
  • alcohol availability
  • base
  • civil society
  • condoms
  • design
  • drug abuse prevention
  • gang
  • health knowledge
  • high risk
  • high risk behavior
  • high risk sexual behavior
  • interest
  • male
  • men
  • migration
  • peer
  • programs
  • public health relevance
  • public health research
  • rapid growth
  • sex
  • sexual encounter
  • social
  • social stigma
  • trafficking
  • transmission process