Novel method for classifying BOLD response mechanisms in focal epilepsy Grant

abstract

  • Project SummaryFor the up to 933,000 epileptic Americans who have intractable epilepsy, neurosurgery is the most feasiblecure. Such surgery relies upon accurate localization for precise resection of seizure-onset foci, but currentapproaches yield success rates of only ~50-60%. Various methods are used, but to increase success rates,improved approaches are needed for localizing these zones. Brain areas generating interictal epilepticdischarges (IEDs), known as irritative zones, are associated with seizure origin. IEDs can be detected by EEG,which is a key clinical tool for pre-surgical evaluation, but EEG alone has insufficient spatial resolution forlocalizing IED origin zones and image-uniqueness problems that preclude discrimination of actual fromspurious IED-evoked current sources. By combining fMRI with EEG in concurrent recordings, brain areasexhibiting IED-evoked blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) responses, an indirect indicator of neuronalactivation, can be localized with high spatial resolution, and an established standard clinical protocol enableslocalization of seizure-onset foci by this technique. However, a technical problem limits application of this cost-advantageous, widely-available approach. Central to the clinical EEG-fMRI mapping protocol are rigid and non-interpretable hemodynamic response functions (HRFs) that permit characterization of local neurovascularcoupling and representation of fMRI by IED-dependent regressors. Currently, HRF computation assumes thatIEDs cause local cerebral blood flow increases (BOLD activations), but IEDs also evoke atypical BOLDresponses, e.g. deactivations, in certain brain regions, confounding analysis and thus barring effective EEG-fMRI use in many patients. To overcome this barrier and enable increased, more accurate use of EEG-fMRI forseizure-onset zone mapping, our aims are to: 1) identify the biophysical mechanisms of IED-evoked BOLDresponses in epilepsy; 2) determine their cellular substrates; and 3) develop an automated image-guidedmethod for classifying them by origin type. Our central hypothesis, supported by our preliminary findings, isthat 3 mechanisms, alone or in combination, contribute to the emergence of atypical BOLD responses in theepileptic brain together with classical hyperemic responding areas: 1) unexpected IED-mediated interruptionsof the resting state network; 2) blood stealing/leaking effects; and 3) local vascular/metabolic decoupling. Ourpreliminary findings further indicate that it is feasible to discriminate BOLD response mechanisms by analyzingEEG-fMRI-derived data, which will permit effective localization of foci. To solve the complex neurophysiologicaland computational problems involved, we established a unique multi- disciplinary/institutional collaborationbetween Florida International Univ. and Yale Univ. teams, with interactions with 2 South-Florida hospitals. Wewill use a novel, translationally-relevant rat epilepsy model and innovative strategies for EEG-fMRI analysis.Validating our ideas will permit translation and widespread, field-advancing clinical implementation of cost-effective/noninvasive EEG-fMRI imaging modality, improving surgical outcomes in human epilepsy patients.

date/time interval

  • August 1, 2016 - July 31, 2018

sponsor award ID

  • 1R56NS094784-01A1

local award ID

  • AWD000000006257

contributor

keywords

  • Ablation
  • Affect
  • Algorithms
  • American
  • Animal Model
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Area
  • Biophysical Process
  • Blood
  • Blood Vessels
  • Brain
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  • Cerebrovascular Circulation
  • Chronic
  • Classification
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  • Electroencephalography
  • Emotional
  • Epilepsy
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  • Linear Models
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