A Mind-Body Intervention to reduce symptoms among people aging with HIV Grant

abstract

  • Revised Project Summary: A Mind-Body intervention to reduce symptoms among people aging with HIV (1 R34 AT009966-01)Project SummaryHalf of those infected with HIV in the United States are over 50 years of age; this is expected to increase to 70% by 2020. Yet, few interventions exist for older people living with HIV/AIDS that address psychological symptoms, and none that address physical symptoms, both of which are prevalent in this population. There is a need to find innovative and accessible interventions that can help older people living with HIV/AIDS to manage their symptoms. Mind-body interventions, like Tai chi and Qi gong (TCQ), improves both physical and psychological health. TCQ is a series of slow, low-impact meditative movements that integrates breath work, meditation, and stances. We propose the refinement, adaptation, acceptability and feasibility testing of a standardized TCQ intervention shown efficacious with cancer patients, to an ethnically diverse population of older people living with HIV/AIDS, with the goal of enhancing their ability to manage psychological and physical symptoms. Thus, this study proposes three aims: (i) to refine and culturally adapt a TCQ intervention protocol for a diverse sample of older people living with HIV/AIDS (50 years of age or older); (ii) to evaluate the acceptability of the TCQ intervention, a sham qigong control condition, and a standard of care control condition for older people living with HIV/AIDS (n = 60); and (iii) to evaluate the feasibility of the TCQ intervention and sham qigong control condition. Participants will be recruited from a federally qualified health center in Miami, Florida. Adaptation of the TCQ intervention, the first aim, will be done through qualitative research. An expert panel discussion, key informant interviews, and three focus groups will be conducted, and analyzed by thematically based content analysis. To address aims 2 and 3 we will conduct a pilot study; participants will be randomized to one of 3 conditions: the TCQ intervention, a sham qigong condition, or a standard of care condition. We will assess acceptability and feasibility through questionnaires and adherence to TCQ. Outcomes will be assessed at baseline, 2-week post-intervention, and at three months follow up. Analysis of outcomes will include meeting specific a prori benchmarks for feasibility and acceptability, ranging from 80% to 90%. In addition, assessment will include measurements based on both participants and trainers, such as use of the intervention fidelity checklist. This study addresses an important need for older people living with HIV/AIDS to acquire skills to self-manage both psychological and physical symptoms, both of which are prevalent in this population.

date/time interval

  • May 1, 2018 - April 30, 2021

sponsor award ID

  • 1R34AT009966-01

local award ID

  • AWD000000008251

contributor

keywords

  • AIDS/HIV problem
  • Address
  • Adherence
  • Age-Years
  • Aging
  • Benchmarking
  • Cancer Patient
  • Clinic
  • Comorbidity
  • Complementary Health
  • Death Rate
  • Elderly
  • Enrollment
  • Exercise
  • Federally Qualified Health Center
  • Florida
  • Focus Groups
  • Goals
  • HIV
  • Health
  • Home environment
  • Individual
  • Integrative Medicine
  • Intervention
  • Interview
  • Lead
  • Measurement
  • Measures
  • Meditation
  • Mental Depression
  • Mental Health
  • Mind-Body Intervention
  • Movement
  • Newsletter
  • Older Population
  • Outcome
  • Participant
  • Pilot Projects
  • Population
  • Process
  • Protocols documentation
  • Qi Gong
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quality of life
  • Questionnaires
  • Randomized
  • Reporting
  • Research Infrastructure
  • Sampling
  • Self Care
  • Self Management
  • Series
  • Standardization
  • Symptoms
  • System
  • Tai Ji
  • Telephone
  • Testing
  • Time
  • United States
  • Viral
  • Viral Load result
  • Work
  • age group
  • aged
  • base
  • coping
  • ethnic diversity
  • ethnic minority population
  • experience
  • follow-up
  • immune function
  • improved
  • informant
  • innovation
  • medication compliance
  • meetings
  • physical conditioning
  • physical symptom
  • post intervention
  • psychological symptom
  • public health relevance
  • racial and ethnic
  • recruit
  • reduce symptoms
  • skills
  • standard of care
  • transmission process