The modern management of ectopic pregnancy has been influenced greatly by recent advances in human chorionic gonadotropin determination and ultrasound. Serum progesterone determination holds promise as a means of identifying abnormal gestations. Early diagnosis of tubal pregnancies has prompted conservative surgical treatment and the use of medical therapy in selected cases. Because of the improvement in diagnostic aids and conservative treatment, we are documenting a change in epidemiologic profiles. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy has increased, with a concomitant decrease in mortality. Fertility after conservative surgical procedures appears improved over that with radical treatment. However, women with ectopic pregnancies continue to have reduced fertility potential.