Estrogen Replacement Therapy: Current Recommendations Article

cited authors

  • LUFKIN, EG; CARPENTER, PC; ORY, SJ; MALKASIAN, GD; EDMONSON, JH

fiu authors

abstract

  • Estrogen replacement therapy is effective for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis and should be offered to all women at high risk for osteoporosis. Such therapy is particularly beneficial for prevention of spinal compression fractures; in addition, it alleviates menopausal symptoms (hot flushes, genitourinary symptoms, and changes in mood). In each patient, these benefits must be weighed against the potential risks of endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma, breast tenderness, hypertension, vascular headaches, and the inconvenience of menstrual bleeding if the uterus is intact. The risk of endometrial cancer associated with estrogen replacement therapy can be considerably reduced by the addition of a progestin, and other side effects can be diminished or eliminated by use of the new transdermal estrogen preparations. Thus, estrogen replacement therapy should be considered in all women who have experienced natural or surgically induced menopause, and it is advisable in women who have osteoporosis or an increased risk for this disorder and no contraindications to its use. Estrogen replacement therapy should be instituted as soon after menopause as possible and seems to be well tolerated until at least 75 years of age. © 1988, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • January 1, 1988

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 453

end page

  • 460

volume

  • 63

issue

  • 5