Substance-abusing adolescents at varying levels of HIV risk: Psychosocial characteristics, drug use, and sexual behavior Article

Malow, RM, Dévieux, JG, Jennings, T et al. (2001). Substance-abusing adolescents at varying levels of HIV risk: Psychosocial characteristics, drug use, and sexual behavior . 13(1-2), 103-117. 10.1016/S0899-3289(01)00069-4



cited authors

  • Malow, RM; Dévieux, JG; Jennings, T; Lucenko, BA; Kalichman, SC

fiu authors

abstract

  • Purpose: To evaluate the relationship of various psychosocial factors on HIV sexual risk behavior in a sample of 169 "inner city" male and female adolescents mandated into in court-ordered substance abuse treatment. Method: The Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI) and measures of sexual behavior, condom attitudes and skills, HIV knowledge, and substance abuse were administered. Data were evaluated according to five HIV risk groups: abstinent (n=37); monogamous and practicing only protected sex (n=19); monogamous and practicing unprotected sex (n=45); multiple partners and practicing only protected sex (n=11); and multiple partners and having only unprotected sex (n=57). Results: Significant main effects were found for impulsive propensity, submissiveness, marijuana and alcohol use, condom attitudes, and intentions to engage in safer sex. Protective behavior was directly associated with submissiveness and inversely associated with impulsive personality profiles, with increased marijuana use emerging as a significant predictive factor in the choice for sexual activity vs. abstinence. More alcohol use was predictive of choosing multiple partners vs. monogamy. Implications: Factoring risk variation into the design of HIV psychosocial research may enhance the tailoring of effective prevention strategies. © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • December 1, 2001

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 103

end page

  • 117

volume

  • 13

issue

  • 1-2