Body composition assessment and coronary heart disease risk factors among college students of three ethnic groups Article

cited authors

  • Koutoubi, S; Huffman, FG

abstract

  • Objectives: This study identified and compared anthropometric measurements, body composition and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors among college students of three ethnic groups. Methods: Subjects were assessed for cardiovascular risk. Body composition analysis was performed using the Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA). Results: Black non-Hispanic females (30%), were significantly (p<0.017) more in the "overweight" category compared to white non-Hispanic females (6.7%). Black non-Hispanic females had significantly (p<0.044) higher percentages of body fat and lower percentages of body lean, and significantly (p<0.040) lower percentages of body water than white non-Hispanic females. Significant positive correlations were found between CHD Risk Point Standard (CHORPS) and percentages of body fat in white non-Hispanic males (p<.005), Hispanic males (p<0.016) and Hispanic females (p<0.001). Significant inverse correlations were found between CHDRPS and percentages of body water in white non-Hispanic males (p<0.004), Hispanic males (p<0.013) and Hispanic females (p<0.001); body lean in white non-Hispanic males (p<0.005), Hispanic males (p<0.016) and Hispanic females (p<0.001); and lean/fat ratio in white non-Hispanic males (p<0.008), Hispanic males (p<0.030), black non-Hispanic males (p<0.020) and Hispanic females (p<0.008). Conclusions: The high prevalence of overweight justifies a high priority for weight control in young adults in an effort to prevent cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) later in life.

publication date

  • June 1, 2005

start page

  • 784

end page

  • 791

volume

  • 97

issue

  • 6