Interaction effects in combined arrays of radial and longitudinal semi-elliptical surface cracks in pressurized thick-walled cylinder Article

cited authors

  • Perl, M; Levy, C; Wang, J

fiu authors


  • In two previous papers, the interaction effects for two separate cases of large arrays of semi-elliptical, internal, surface cracks in a thick-walled, cylindrical pressure vessel were studied. First, arrays of radial cracks were considered followed by the study of longitudinal-coplanar crack arrays. Radial crack density and longitudinal crack spacing were found to have opposing effects on the prevailing stress intensity factors (SIFs). Consequently, in the present paper combined arrays of both radial and longitudinal cracks are considered, and their interaction effects are studied. The mode I stress intensity factor (SIF) distribution for numerous configurations of combined semi-circular and semi-elliptical crack arrays are evaluated. The 3-D analysis is performed by the finite element (FE) method and the submodeling technique, employing singular elements along the crack front The effects of crack density in the radial direction and relative spacing in the longitudinal direction on the SIFs are studied for combined arrays of up to 32 radial cracks and having longitudinal relative spacing of 2c/d of 0.25 to 0.99; for a wide range of crack depth to wall thickness ratios, a/t, from 0.05 to 0.4; and for various ellipticities of the crack, i.e., the ratio of crack depth to semi-crack length, alc, from 0.2 to 1.5.

publication date

  • December 1, 1996

start page

  • 247

end page

  • 255


  • 338