Geochemical subdivision of the Circum-Caribbean Island Arc, Dominican Cordillera Central: Implications for crustal formation, accretion and growth within an intra-oceanic setting Article

cited authors

  • Lewis, JF; Escuder Viruete, J; Hernaiz Huerta, PP; Gutierrez, G; Draper, G; Pérez-Estaún, A

fiu authors

abstract

  • The Upper Cretaceous-Eocene Circum-Caribbean island-arc system (AICC) is a complex collage of crustal units or terranes s.l. which have formed and accreted within an intra-oceanic environment since Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous times. In the Cordillera Central of the Dominican Republic these terranes are represented by several tectonostratigraphic units, that define a pre-Aptian-Albian deformed and metamorphosed basement, over and into which the igneous rocks of the AICC were extruded or intruded. Basement sequences can be subdivided into: (1) a plume-related Duarte terrane (plateau 1); (2) a primitive arc-related Maimón-Amina terrane, which includes intra- or back-arc N-MORB units (Río Verde Complex) with a subduction geochemical imprint; and (3) the Loma Caribe peridotite terrane of mantle provenance. Two successive stages of the arc growth are superposed: an Early Cretaceous arc tholeiite stage with boninitic affinities (arc I), and a Late Cretaceous-Eocene calc-alkaline stage (AICC; arc II). The arc I stage is not recorded in the Duarte terrane but is represented in the Maimón-Amina terrane by the Río Verde Complex, the Maimón Formation and the Peralvillo Norte Formation. In the Duarte terrane, the arc II growth stage include the Siete Cabezas Formation (Cenomanian-Maastrichtian, plateau II) and the fill of an intra-arc basin by the Tireo Formation (Cenomanian-Maastrichtian). In the Maimón-Amina terrane, the arc II growth is represented by the Las Lagunas and Peralvillo Sur Formations. The former lies unconformably on rudist-bearing limestone of Albian age (Hatillo Limestone). The Jautia gabbro-norite batholith and the calc-alkaline foliated and non-foliated tonalitic plutons of Late-Cretaceous-Early Eocene age intrude the rocks of the Duarte terrane except the Siete Cabezas Formation. Deformation and metamorphism of the pre-Aptian-Albian basement is a consequence of the collision of the Duarte plateau terrane with the Caribbean primitive island arc (Maimón-Amina terrane), that caused the emplacement of the Duarte terrane with a fragment of oceanic lithosphere (ophiolite). The interpretation of the geological and geochemical data support a tectonomagmatic model, which relates the compositional evolution of the intruded and extruded magmas in this segment of the AICC, with a flip in the subduction polarity under the primitive arc after the Aptian/Albian collision.

publication date

  • January 1, 2002

start page

  • 81

end page

  • 122

volume

  • 37

issue

  • 2-3