1,5-Disubstituted imidazoles inhibit juvenile hormone biosynthesis by the corpora allata of the mosquito Aedes aegypti Article

cited authors

  • Li, Y; Kuwano, E; Noriega, FG

fiu authors

abstract

  • We investigated the effect of fifteen 1,5-disubstituted imidazoles (1,5-dis) on juvenile hormone III (JH III) and methyl farnesoate (MF) biosynthesis by the corpora allata (CA) of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in vitro. Four compounds (TH-35, TH-83, TH-62 and TH-28) significantly decreased JH biosynthesis in the CA dissected from 3-day old sugar-fed females. The decrease of JH synthesis was not always associated with increased MF. TH-30 and TH-83 increased MF levels, while TH-85 and TH-61 significantly decreased MF levels. Five compounds (TH-26, TH-60, TH-83, TH-35 and TH-30) significantly inhibited JH biosynthesis in the CA dissected from females 15 h after a blood meal. Four 1,5-dis (TH-30, TH-26, TH-28 and TH-66) caused MF increases in CA from blood-fed females. 1,5-Disubstituted imidazoles had higher inhibitory activity on JH synthesis when substituted at position 5 by a 3-benzyloxyphenyl group and at position 1 by a benzyl group (such as TH-35). Inhibition of JH and MF biosynthesis by TH-35 was age-dependent and influenced by nutritional status; inhibition differed when evaluated in the CA dissected from sugar-fed females at different days after emergence and in the CA dissected from females at different hours after a blood meal. Inhibition was always higher when the CA was more active. The addition of TH-35 significantly reduced the stimulatory effect of Aedes-allatotropin and farnesoic acid on JH synthesis. This is the first report of an inhibitory effect of 1,5-disubstituted imidazoles on JH synthesis in Diptera. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • January 1, 2003

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 1005

end page

  • 1011

volume

  • 49

issue

  • 11