Changes in protein and nonprotein thiol contents in bladder, kidney and liver of mice by the pesticide sodium-o-phenylphenol and their possible role in cellular toxicity Article

Narayan, S, Roy, D. (1992). Changes in protein and nonprotein thiol contents in bladder, kidney and liver of mice by the pesticide sodium-o-phenylphenol and their possible role in cellular toxicity . 26(1), 191-198.



cited authors

  • Narayan, S; Roy, D

fiu authors

abstract

  • Acute treatment of mice with Na-o-phenylphenol or phenylbenzoquinone, an electrophilic metabolite of o-phenylphenol, resulted in differential depletion of contents of protein and nonprotein thiols in bladder, kidney and liver. Maximum decrease in the levels of protein and nonprotein reduced thiols was observed in bladder (by both agents) and was followed by kidney (by both agents) and liver (phenylbenzoquinone only). The reason for this differential changes in reduced thiol contents remains to be understood. The content of protein and nonprotein disulfides was higher in bladder of mice treated with Na-o-phenylphenol compared to that observed in untreated mice bladder. Phenyl 2, 5'-p-benzoquinone mediated in vivo depletion of nonprotein and protein thiols suggests that Na-o-phenylphenol treatment may decrease in vivo thiols via the formation of phenylbenzoquinone. Increased disulfide formation is considered to represent an index of oxidative stress produced by chemical. Increases in the level of protein and nonprotein disulfides in bladder suggest as observed in this study that administration of Na-o-phenylphenol to mice produced oxidative stress in bladder. Products of redox cycling of xenobiotics are known to cause cellular toxicity via altering the homeostasis of thiol status. Therefore, it is concluded that decreases in protein thiol contents either via alkylation and/or oxidation of sulfhydryl groups of proteins and increases in disulfide contents presumably by products of redox cycling of Na-o-phenylphenol may play a role in Na-o-phenylphenol-induced cellular toxicity.

publication date

  • January 1, 1992

start page

  • 191

end page

  • 198

volume

  • 26

issue

  • 1