Effects of Chlorpromazine on the Activities of Antioxidant Enzymes and Lipid Peroxidation in the Various Regions of Aging Rat Brain Article

Roy, D, Pathak, DN, Singh, R. (1984). Effects of Chlorpromazine on the Activities of Antioxidant Enzymes and Lipid Peroxidation in the Various Regions of Aging Rat Brain . 42(3), 628-633. 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1984.tb02728.x

cited authors

  • Roy, D; Pathak, DN; Singh, R

fiu authors

abstract

  • Abstract: In this work, the effect of chronic intraperitoneal administration of chlorpromazine (5 and 10 mg/kg) on the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CA), glutathione reductase (GR), and glutathione peroxidase (GP); lipid peroxidation; and lipofuscin accumulation in the brains of rats ages 6, 9, and 12 months was studied. Chlorpromazine increased the activities of SOD, GR, and GP in particulate fraction from cerebrum, cerebellum, and brain stem in a dose‚Äźdependent manner. While GR and SOD associated with soluble fraction increased, GP associated with soluble fraction was not affected. CA did not change after chlorpromazine administration in any regions of the brain of rats from all age groups. Chlorpromazine, thus, had a somewhat different action on antioxidant enzymes in different subcellular fractions. Chlorpromazine inhibited lipid peroxidation, both in vivo and in vitro, and it also inhibited accumulation of lipid peroxidation fluorescent products (lipofuscin), which was studied histochemically and biochemically as well. The data indicate that chlorpromazine inhibition of lipid peroxidation and of accumulation of lipofuscin can result from elevation of the activity of brain antioxidant enzymes. Copyright ¬© 1984, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

publication date

  • January 1, 1984

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 628

end page

  • 633

volume

  • 42

issue

  • 3