In vivo binding of diethylstilbestrol to nuclear proteins of kidneys of Syrian hamsters Article

Roy, D, Pathak, DN, Palangat, M. (1995). In vivo binding of diethylstilbestrol to nuclear proteins of kidneys of Syrian hamsters . 90(2), 215-224. 10.1016/0304-3835(95)03706-3

cited authors

  • Roy, D; Pathak, DN; Palangat, M

fiu authors

abstract

  • We demonstrate here that stilbene estrogen (diethylstilbestrol) is converted to nuclear protein binding metabolite(s) both in vitro and in vivo. In vitro reaction of DES with nuclei from hamster liver or kidney in the presence of cumene hydroperoxide or NADPH revealed binding of [3H]DES in nuclear proteins (histones; nonhistones precipitable by 2% TCA, NH2; nonhistones soluble in 2% TCA, NH30). The binding was significantly inhibited by cytochromes P450 inhibitors. In an in vitro system [3H]DES quinone, one of the metabolites of DES, was able to bind to pure nonhistone proteins RNA polymerase and DNA polymerase. The binding of [3H]DES quinone to nonhistones RNA polymerase and DNA polymerase was inhibited by low molecular weight thiols i.e. glutathione and cysteine, or thiol modifiers, such as n-ethylmaleimide, dithionitrobenzoic acid and hydroxymercuric benzoate. DES and DES metabolites inhibited transcriptional activity. In vivo [3H]DES was able to bind to nuclear proteins of hamster liver, kidneys and testes. The level of in vivo [3H]DES binding to all three types of nuclear proteins (histones, NH2, NH30) in the kidney (target organ) was two or more fold higher than that observed in the liver or testis (nontarget organs). Four nuclear NH30 proteins (mol wts.: 56, 37, 33 and 28 kDa) were irreversibly bound to [3H]DES in vivo. The in vivo binding of [3H]DES to transcriptionally active chromatin NH30 proteins also was observed. The data reported here establish that DES was able to bind to liver or kidney nuclear proteins in vitro, which was catalyzed by nuclear enzymes when fortified with an appropriate cofactor. DES quinone may be one of the protein binding metabolites. DES and DES metabolites inhibited transcriptional activity. The level of in vivo binding of [3H] DES to nuclear proteins of kidney (target organ) was double in comparison with that observed in liver or testis (nontarget organs). In vivo modifications in the chromatin proteins may be a factor in the development of DES-induced renal carcinogenesis is not clear. © 1995.

publication date

  • April 14, 1995

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 215

end page

  • 224

volume

  • 90

issue

  • 2