The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in fetal cord samples utilized as serum supplements for in vitro fertilization Article

cited authors

  • Damewood, MD; Hesla, JS; Schlaff, WD; Hubbard, M; Repke, JT; Rock, JA

fiu authors


  • Prior to initiating routine fetal cord serum (FCS) supplementation in our in vitro laboratory, the incidence of HIV in 306 random fetal cord samples obtained at the Labor and Delivery Unit of the Johns Hopkins Hospital from July 1985 to January 1988 was determined from a crosssectional patient sample. Of 306 samples, 3 (0.98%) were positive for HIV, and confirmed by Western blot analysis, enzyme immunoassay (ELISA), a prevalence significantly higher than a national sample (0.012%). The use of FCS in this setting was determined to be an unacceptable risk to patients undergoing in vitro fertilization. The 90-day quarantine period for verification of HIV seronegativity applied to semen donors may not be applicable to FCS sampling. Patient risk may also increase with pooling of FCS samples prior to HIV testing. © 1990 Plenum Publishing Corporation.

publication date

  • December 1, 1990

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 365

end page

  • 366


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