- Gottlieb, A; Natsis, NE; Kerdel, F; Forman, S; Gonzalez, E; Jimenez, G; Hernandez, L; Kaffenberger, J; Guido, G; Lucas, K; Montes, D; Gold, M; Babcock, C; Simard, J
- The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of bermekimab, an IL-1α inhibitor, in the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). This study was a phase II, multicenter, open-label study of two dose cohorts of bermekimab in patients with moderate-to-severe HS who are naïve to or have failed prior anti-TNF therapy. Patients with HS (n = 42) were divided into groups A and B based on whether or not they had previously failed an anti-TNF therapy. In group A (n = 24), bermekimab was administered subcutaneously at a dose of 400 mg weekly (13 doses) in patients who had previously failed anti-TNF therapy; in group B (n = 18), bermekimab was administered subcutaneously at a dose of 400 mg weekly (13 doses) in patients who were anti-TNF naïve. Bermekimab, previously found to be effective in treating HS, was evaluated using a subcutaneous formulation in patients with HS naïve to or having failed anti-TNF therapy. There were no bermekimab-related adverse events with the exception of injection site reactions. Bermekimab was effective despite treatment history, with 61% and 63% of patients naïve to and having failed anti-TNF therapy, respectively, achieving HS clinical response after 12 weeks of treatment. A significant reduction in abscesses and inflammatory nodules of 60% (P < 0.004) and 46% (P < 0.001) was seen in anti-TNF naïve and anti-TNF failure groups, respectively. Clinically and statistically significant reduction was seen in patients experiencing pain, with the Visual Analogue Scale pain score reducing by 64% (P < 0.001) and 54% (P < 0.001) in the anti-TNF naïve and anti-TNF failure groups, respectively. IL-1α is emerging as an important clinical target for skin disease, and bermekimab may represent a new therapeutic option for treating moderate-to-severe HS.
- August 1, 2020
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