The effect of electrical stimulation on the number of mast cells in healing wounds Article

cited authors

  • Reich, JD; Cazzaniga, AL; Mertz, PM; Kerdel, FA; Eaglstein, WH

fiu authors

abstract

  • Many cutaneous disorders are associated with activation or increased numbers of mast cells. Electrical stimulation has been shown to be effective in treating many of these disorders. This study is designed to examine the effect of electrical stimulation on mast cells in acute wounds. Four pathogen-free pigs received 20 wounds, each of which was subjected to biopsy at various times after wounding. Half of the wounds were treated with electrical stimulation and the other half were treated with a sham electrode. The biopsy specimens were fixed in Carnoy's medium and stained with alcian blue and Nuclear Fast Red. Mast cells from both sets of wounds were counted and analyzed. Highly significant reductions in the number of mast cells were seen with electrical stimulation on days 1 and 2 compared with nonstimulated control wounds. Electron microscopy was performed to compare the stimulated and control mast cells for characteristic features in morphology, location, and evidence of degranulation. Electrical stimulation did not appear to induce degranulation. The ability of electrical stimulation to decrease the number of mast cells may be related to a reduction of either proliferation or migration of these cells and may prove to be a valuable therapeutic technique. © 1991, American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • January 1, 1991

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 40

end page

  • 46

volume

  • 25

issue

  • 1