Radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer: Hysterectomy before pelvic lymphadenectomy or vice versa? Article

Angioli, R, Estape, R, Salom, E et al. (1999). Radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer: Hysterectomy before pelvic lymphadenectomy or vice versa? . 9(4), 307-311. 10.1046/j.1525-1438.1999.99031.x



cited authors

  • Angioli, R; Estape, R; Salom, E; Cantuaria, G; Mirhashemi, R; Mendez, L; Yoo, R; Penalver, M

abstract

  • The technique for radical abdominal hysterectomy (RAH) and lymphadenectomy (LND) for patients with cervical cancer has been well described. Whether RAH should be performed before or after pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is a controversial issue. This study compared the two procedures performed at the same institution. Patients treated with type III RAH for cervical cancer stage IB-IIA at our institution between 1987 and 1995 were included in this study. Only patients who underwent para-aortic lymph node dissection (PALND) first, followed by PLND and then RAH (Group A) or RAH and then PLND (Group B) were included. Clinical and surgical information including intraoperative and postoperative complications was collected. Operative reports were used to identify the patients who had RAH performed before PLND or vice versa. Data analysis was obtained using unpaired t-test with significance set at P < 0.05. Complete information was obtained for 314 patients. The results of Group A (157 patients) and Group B (157 patients) were as follows: mean age = 45.3 and 44.8 (P = 0.73); mean weight = 149 and 149 lb.; mean length of stay = 10 and 8 days (P < 0.0001); mean operative time = 230 and 172 mins (P = 0.004); mean estimated blood loss (EBL) = 1,238 and 1098 cc (P = 0.21); mean number of PALN removed = 7 and 6 (P = 0.06); mean number of PLN removed = 28 and 26 (P = 0.24). No statistical difference in major intraoperative and postoperative complications was observed. The most common complication was postoperative fever (53/157 in Group A and 49/157 in Group B). Radical hysterectomy can be safely performed either before or after PLND. The number of pelvic lymph nodes removed, as well as the EBL and the intraoperative complications are similar and are not affected by the operative time. The surgeon should decide the sequence of the procedures accordingly to his/her personal preference.

publication date

  • January 1, 1999

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 307

end page

  • 311

volume

  • 9

issue

  • 4