The form and function of Cnidarian spirocysts - 1. Ultrastructure of the capsule exterior and relationship to the tentacle sensory surface Article

Mariscal, RN, Bigger, CH, McLean, RB. (1976). The form and function of Cnidarian spirocysts - 1. Ultrastructure of the capsule exterior and relationship to the tentacle sensory surface . 168(4), 465-474. 10.1007/BF00215997

cited authors

  • Mariscal, RN; Bigger, CH; McLean, RB

fiu authors

abstract

  • The commonest intracellular organelle characteristic of the Phylum Cnidaria or Coelenterata (Subclass Zoantharia) is the spirocyst. Based on scanning and transmission electron microscopy of the tentacles of sea anemones and corals, it appears that the tip of the spirocyst is either exposed to the environment or covered by a thin plasma membrane and often has a pebbled or knobby appearance. Surrounding the spirocyst tip is a ring-like structure which seems to be formed by the junction of the enclosing cell (the spirocyte) and the tip of the spirocyst. The spirocyst thread is continuous with the capsule wall and emerges from within the apical ring during discharge. No ciliary structures appear to be associated with spirocysts. Instead, two different types of microvilli have been found: short microvilli on the spirocyte itself and long microvilli furnished by the cell or cells surrounding the spirocyte. The significance of these findings is discussed in relation to the reception of stimuli for spirocyst discharge. © 1976 Springer-Verlag.

publication date

  • May 1, 1976

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 465

end page

  • 474

volume

  • 168

issue

  • 4