- Angioli, R; Panici, PB; Mirhashemi, R; Mendez, L; Cantuaria, G; Basile, S; Penalver, M
- Introduction: Pelvic exenteration is one of the most destructive gynecologic operations performed on an elective basis, with consequent detrimental effects on the quality of life. The use of reconstructive surgery has significantly improved the quality of life of women undergoing this type of procedure. In this paper we review our experience with continent urinary diversion (Miami Pouch) and low colorectal anastomosis at the Division of Gynecologic Oncology of the University of Miami. Methods: Patients who underwent creation of the continent urinary diversion Miami Pouch from 1988 to 1997 and supralevator pelvic exenteration with low colorectal resection and primary anastomosis from 1990 to 1997 have been included in this study. Management of complications, with particular emphasis on the conservative treatment, has been reviewed in detail for each patient. Open surgery and conservative treatment have been compared. Analysis of complications in irradiated and nonirradiated patients was performed. Results: 77 patients who underwent creation of the Miami Pouch entered this study. Forty patients underwent total pelvic exenteration, and 37 patients underwent posterior exenteration. The most common urinary complications were ureteral stricture/obstruction (22.1%), difficult catheterisation (19.5%) and pyelonephritis (16.9%). Conservative management strategies were successfully used in 80% of the complications. Analysis of breakdown and fistula formation after low colorectal anastomosis was performed on 77 patients. Thirty-five percent of the irradiated patients developed anastomotic breakdown or fistulas, while the occurrence of this type of complications was only 7.5% in the nonirradiated group. Conclusions: Reconstructive procedures after pelvic exenteration present a significant risk of complications, especially in irradiated patients. Most of the complications related to the creation of continent urinary diversion can safely be treated conservatively. Low colorectal anastomosis carries an acceptable risk of complications in nonirradiated patients, but the risk in irradiated patients is very high, therefore, detailed patient selection and extensive counselling in these groups of patients is mandatory. © 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
- January 1, 2003
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