CD44-hyaluronic acid interactions mediate shear-resistant binding of lymphocytes to dermal endothelium in acute cutaneous GVHD Article

cited authors

  • Milinkovic, M; Antin, JH; Hergrueter, CA; Underhill, CB; Sackstein, R

fiu authors

abstract

  • For circulating lymphocytes to migrate to inflammatory sites, they must first adhere to the target tissue endothelium with sufficient strength to overcome the shear forces of blood flow. We previously reported that dermal papillary vessels in acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) support shear-resistant lymphocyte adherence. We now identify the relevant adhesion molecule(s) directing this binding, showing that interactions between lymphocyte CD44 and hyaluronic acid (HA) expressed on dermal vessels in aGVHD alone confer this shear-resistant attachment. Native HA deposits on vascular endothelium support lymphocyte adherence, whereas HA immobilized on plastic does not. HA expressed at dermal endothelium in aGVHD is thus specialized to support lymphocyte adherence under flow conditions, and CD44-HA interactions may contribute to lymphocytotropism to skin in aGVHD. © 2004 by The American Society of Hematology.

publication date

  • January 15, 2004

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 740

end page

  • 742

volume

  • 103

issue

  • 2