Successful allogeneic stem cell transplantation with nonmyeloablative conditioning in patients with relapsed hematologic malignancy following autologous stem cell transplantation Article

cited authors

  • Dey, BR; McAfee, S; Sackstein, R; Colby, C; Saidman, S; Weymouth, D; Poliquin, C; Vanderklish, J; Sachs, DH; Sykes, M; Spitzer, TR

fiu authors

abstract

  • The use of myeloablative preparative therapy and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) as salvage therapy for adult patients with relapsed hematologic malignancy after autologous stem cell transplantation (autoSCT) is generally unsuccessful due to very high treatment-related mortality rates. We evaluated the outcome of HLA-matched related donor alloSCT following nonmyeloablative preparative therapy in 13 patients (median age, 38 years) with relapsed hematologic malignancies (Hodgkin's disease, n = 4; Hodgkin's disease and advanced myelodysplastic syndrome, n = 1; non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, n = 6; multiple myeloma, n = 2) after initial autoSCT. Median time from autoSCT to alloSCT was 12 months (range, 3-24 months); 6 patients had chemotherapy-refractory disease following autoSCT, 6 were in untreated relapse, and 1 had a partial response from salvage chemotherapy. Preparative therapy consisted of cyclophosphamide, 150-200 mg/kg; peritransplantation anti-thymocyte globulin; thymic irradiation (in patients who had not received previous mediastinal irradiation); and a very short course of cyclosporine as GVHD prophylaxis. All patients achieved initial mixed chimerism as defined by greater than 1% donor peripheral white blood cells. Seven patients, who had no evidence of GVHD, received prophylactic DLI beginning 5 to 6 weeks after transplantation for conversion of mixed chimerism to full donor hematopoiesis and to optimize a graft-versus-tumor effect. Six patients showed conversion to full donor chimerism and 1 lost the graft. Grade II or greater acute GVHD occurred in 9 patients. Seven patients achieved a complete response; 6 had no response. The median survival time of the 13 patients is currently 10 months (range, 3-39 months), with an overall survival probability at 2 years of 45% (95% confidence interval [CI], 19%-73%) and a disease-free survival probability at 2 years of 37.5% (95% CI, 12%-65%). Thus, this novel nonmyeloablative alloSCT strategy followed by prophylactic DLI was well tolerated and can result in durable disease-free survival among patients with advanced hematologic malignancies after a failed autoSCT. Further follow-up and evaluation of additional patients are required to conclusively establish the role of this strategy in the treatment of hematologic malignancies after an autologous transplantation.

publication date

  • January 1, 2001

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 604

end page

  • 612

volume

  • 7

issue

  • 11