Histamine-induced suppressor factor inhibition of NK cells: Reversal with interferon and interleukin 2 Article

cited authors

  • Nair, MPN; Cilik, JM; Schwartz, SA

fiu authors


  • Culture supernatants of lymphocytes stimulated with 10-3 to 10-8 M histamine contain histamine-induced soluble suppressor factor (HISSF) that significantly inhibits the natural killer (NK) cell functions of allogeneic lymphocytes. Lymphocytes precultured with increasing concentration of HISSF showed a dose-dependent suppressive effect on their NK activity. HISSF was not cytotoxic itself on their NK activity. HISSF was not cytotoxic itself and produced suppressive effects on PBL, NK-enriched large granular lymphocytes (LGL), and isolated T cells. Suppression was evident throughout a range of effector:target cell ratios. Production of HISSF was specifically blocked by the H2 antagonist cimetidine, but not by the H1 antagonist clemastine fumarate. Furthermore, H1 and H2 antagonists themselves do not induce production of HISSF. Although HISSF could inhibit the cytotoxicity of LGL, LGL themselves do not produce HISSF. HISSF inhibition of NK activity could be completely reversed by treating effector lymphocytes with recombinant interferon-α (IFN) for 1 or 2 hr or culturing them with purified interleukin 2 (IL 2) for 36 hr. Our data suggest that exogenous IFN and IL 2 may have therapeutic potential in the treatment of immunological diseases associated with histamine-induced suppressor cell activity.

publication date

  • January 1, 1986

start page

  • 2456

end page

  • 2462


  • 136


  • 7