Immunomodulatory effects of corticosteroids on natural killer and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxic activities of human lymphocytes Article

cited authors

  • Nair, MPN; Schwartz, SA

fiu authors

abstract

  • The in vitro effect of prednisolone (PRD) on NK and ADCC activities of human lymphocytes was investigated. PRD at concentrations ranging from 7.5 x 10-3 to 1 x 10-5 M significantly inhibited NK activity, while concentrations of 7.5 x 10-3 to 1 x 10-4 M inhibited ADCC activities of PBL when added directly to the mixture of effector and target cells. Lymphocytes pre-cultured for 24 hr with PRD at concentrations ranging from 1 x 10-4 M to 1 x 10-6 M showed significant suppression of their NK activity. Inhibition was proportional to the concentration of the drug, and was observed at as early 1 hr of incubation at various effector to target cell ratios with several targets. PRD also inhibited NK and ADCC activities of purified T cells, non-T cells, and NK-enriched effector cells. In target-binding assays, PRD decreased the target-binding capacity of effector lymphocytes in a dose-dependent manner. PRD-induced inhibition could be reversed by incubating lymphocytes for 1 hr with interferon or IL 2. Pretreatment of targets with PRD for 4 hr did not affect cytotoxic activity. Inhibition of cytotoxicity was not due to direct toxicity to effector cells because lymphocytes treated with PRD showed normal spontaneous 51Cr release, and their viability after 24 hr of pre-culture with PRD was comparable to that of untreated control cells. These results demonstrate that PRD has significant immunomodulatory effects on human NK and ADCC activities that may be of clinical relevance.

publication date

  • January 1, 1984

start page

  • 2876

end page

  • 2882

volume

  • 132

issue

  • 6