Suppression of human natural and antibody-dependent cytotoxicity by soluble factors from unstimulated normal lymphocytes Article

cited authors

  • Nair, MPN; Schwartz, SA

fiu authors

abstract

  • Serum-free culture supernatants of unstimulated normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells contain soluble suppressor factor(s) (SSF) that significantly inhibit natural (NK) and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxic (ADCC) activities of allogenic lymphocytes against a variety of target cells. Lymphocytes precultured with increasing concentrations of SSF showed a dose-dependent suppressive effect on these cytotoxic functions that was optimal at a concentration of 20% volume/volume. Adherent cells were not required for the production of SSF. Suppression was evident even at higher effector:target cell ratios and the inhibition was not reversed by washing lymphocytes. SSF was not itself cytotoxic, was stable at 56° C, and its suppressive effect was maximal after 72 h of incubation with effector lymphocytes. Initial estimate of the molecular weight of SSF by ultra-filtration was <20,000 daltons. Gel filtration of SSF on Sephacryl S-200 resulted in the elution of two peaks of activity; one in the region between markers of 13,700 and 25,000 daltons, and the other <13,700 daltons. Both fractions demonstrated significant suppressive activity on NK and ADCC functions of allogenic lymphocytes. SSF inhibition of NK activity could be partially reversed by incubating lymphocytes for 1 hr with human leukocyte interferon (IF) and almost completely reversed after 24 hr of IF treatment. A few selected monosaccharides (α-methyl-D-mannoside, L-fucose and L-rhamnose) showed a dose-dependent blocking effect on SSF activity, which suggests that SSF may act via receptor sites recognized by these sugars. As demonstrated for other lymphocyte functions, NK and ADCC activities may also be modulated by SSF elaborated by normal PBL.

publication date

  • December 1, 1982

start page

  • 2511

end page

  • 2518

volume

  • 129

issue

  • 6