What is a convincing photoluminescence quantum yield of fluorescent nanocrystals

cited authors

  • Xu, S; Wang, C; Xu, Q; Li, R; Shao, H; Zhang, H; Fang, M; Lei, W; Cui, Y

abstract

  • The photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield (QY) is a significant parameter for evaluating the optical properties of fluorescent nanocrystals (NCs). Over the past two decades, different experimental conditions were used for the QY measurement of fluorescent NCs. It makes the reported QY value incomparable in different reference works. Up to now, a definite standard for the QY measurement of fluorescent NCs is still lacking. In this work, NC exciton absorbance in range of 0.01-0.05 is recommended as a new standard condition for the QY measurement of NCs, which is established by consideration of the accuracy of both integrated fluorescent emission and absorbance at excitation wavelength. The measured QY of NCs only convincing in the recommended standard condition. For NCs with a much higher exciton absorbance than the standard condition, their actual PL QY can be obtained by two different ways. First, fluorescent NCs are directly used for the QY measurement. Then the actual QY is available after calibration of the measured apparent QY. Second, fluorescent NCs are diluted to the standard condition before the QY measurement. In this case, the measured QY is the actual QY. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 14319

end page

  • 14326

volume

  • 114

issue

  • 34