Considerations on HILIC and polar organic solvent-based separations: Use of cyclodextrin and macrocyclic glycopetide stationary phases Article

fiu authors


  • There is a natural tendency in science to prefer straightforward, logical classification systems. The use of mobile phase-stationary phase combinations that do not fit neatly into the standard "normal phase" or "reversed-phase" categories has been going on for over 50 years. The term "hydrophilic interaction chromatography" (HILIC) is sometimes being used as a general category for these "other" separations. In some cases, it may be appropriate and in others, not. Indeed the mechanistic constrains used to define the method seem to be varying with time. Given the name HILIC, it is assumed that water is not only present in the mobile phase, but also plays an essential role in the retention mechanism. However, there is residual water present in all organic solvents. Regardless, the number of reported separations in this alternative mode has increased tremendously in the last two decades. This is due to the advent of new stationary phases and an emphasis on polar, biologically important molecules. We discuss the relationships between HILIC and other chromatographic modes. We then examine two classes of stationary phases that have played a major role in these separations. These particular stationary phases can be used to provide appreciable mechanistic information as well. © 2008 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

publication date

  • June 1, 2008

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


  • 11