Development of dinitrophenylated cyclodextrin derivatives for enhanced enantiomeric separations by high-performance liquid chromatography Article

cited authors

  • Zhong, Q; He, L; Beesley, TE; Trahanovsky, WS; Sun, P; Wang, C; Armstrong, DW

fiu authors

abstract

  • The synthesis and evaluation of new dinitrophenyl (DNP) substituted β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) chiral stationary phases (CSPs) for the enantioseparation of various classes of chiral analytes by HPLC are presented. The dinitrophenyl substituted β-CD derivatives are synthesized and covalently bonded to functionalized 5 μm spherical porous silica gel. These are the first reported derivatized cyclodextrin which contains π-electron deficient substituents (i.e., π-acidic moieties). The column performance in terms of their ability to separate enantiomers is evaluated. A variety of different dinitro-substituted aryl groups are investigated and compared. The pH of the mobile phase buffers, the buffer composition, the number and position of the dinitro groups on the phenyl ring substituent, the degree of substitution, and the bonding strategy all greatly affect the performance of the CSPs. A large variety of racemic compounds have been separated successfully on these CSPs. The bonded dinitrophenyl-derivatized cyclodextrins are stable in all three mobile phase modes, namely, the reversed-phase, polar organic, and normal phase modes. No degradation in column performance was observed in any mode of operation even after more than 1000 injections. The analytical applicability of these types of CSPs for enantiomeric separations is discussed in detail. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • May 19, 2006

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 19

end page

  • 45

volume

  • 1115

issue

  • 1-2