Green chemistry-assisted synthesis of biocompatible Ag, Cu, and Fe2O3 nanoparticles Article

Jasrotia, T, Chaudhary, S, Kaushik, A et al. (2020). Green chemistry-assisted synthesis of biocompatible Ag, Cu, and Fe2O3 nanoparticles . 15 10.1016/j.mtchem.2019.100214



cited authors

  • Jasrotia, T; Chaudhary, S; Kaushik, A; Kumar, R; Chaudhary, GR

fiu authors

abstract

  • Green chemistry-assisted biocompatible copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and iron oxide (Fe2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) synthesis along with surface modification using Koelreuteria apiculata is demonstrated in this research, for the first time. Appropriate analytical techniques were utilized to confirm the preparation, spherical morphology, and crystalline structure of each of the NPs. The antioxidant nature of synthesized NPs was evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging. Besides, the antimicrobial activity was also performed using bacterial strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella typhi. Aspergillus sp. was designed as marker specie for the antifungal studies. The outcomes of NPs exposure, analyzed with reference to Chlorella sp. of the algal family exhibit the numerical values around 833% for AgNPs, 497% of CuNPs, and 456% for Fe2O3NPs. Phytotoxicity assay performed on the seeds of Vigna radiata and Cicer arietinum further validate the accordant nature of NPs towards vivacity. Allium cepa was also used as a test model to ascertain the genotoxic effects of the NPs wherein the mitotic index (MI) was calculated for AgNPs, CuNPs, and Fe2O3NPs as 42.1, 51.7, and 54.2% respectively. The outcomes of this research proved the suitability and affordability of our NPs developed using green synthesis for new industrial applications of in-situ reduction of carcinogenic compounds from water and soil.

publication date

  • March 1, 2020

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

volume

  • 15