Spermicides, hormonal contraception and congenital malformations Article

cited authors

  • Simpson, JL; Phillips, OP

fiu authors


  • Allegations that inadvertent pregnancies in contraceptive users are associated with congenital anomalies continue to be common. In 1985, a review by one of us concluded that there is little or no scientific basis for such claims [1]. Since then, additional data have substantiated this conclusion, particularly with respect to spermicides and hormonal contraception. The purpose of this review is to update information with respect to potential teratogenicity for these two contraceptive methods. © 1990 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

publication date

  • September 1, 1990

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 141

end page

  • 167


  • 6


  • 3