Mesoporous inorganic salts with crystal defects: Unusual catalysts and catalyst supports Article

Kang, X, Shang, W, Zhu, Q et al. (2015). Mesoporous inorganic salts with crystal defects: Unusual catalysts and catalyst supports . 6(3), 1668-1675. 10.1039/c4sc03736g



cited authors

  • Kang, X; Shang, W; Zhu, Q; Zhang, J; Jiang, T; Han, B; Wu, Z; Li, Z; Xing, X

fiu authors

abstract

  • We proposed a strategy to synthesize mesoporous inorganic salt particles using the special properties of ionic liquid (IL) mixtures, and hollow mesoporous LaF3, NdF3, and YF3 particles were synthesized and characterized using different techniques. The size of the mesopores in the salt particles was about 4 nm, and the materials were full of crystal defects. The LaF3, NdF3 and YF3 particles were used as the catalysts for the cyanosilylation reaction of benzaldehyde using trimethylsilyl cyanide, and Ru/LaF3 and Ru/NdF3, in which Ru nanocatalysts were supported on the LaF3 and NdF3 particles with mesopores, were used to catalyze hydrogenations of benzene to cyclohexane and levulinic acid (LA) to γ-valerolactone (GVL). It was discovered that the activities of these catalysts were unprecedentedly high for these reactions. Detailed study showed that both the crystal defects and the mesopores in the salt particles played crucial roles for the extremely high catalytic activity.

publication date

  • March 1, 2015

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 1668

end page

  • 1675

volume

  • 6

issue

  • 3