Psychological Effects of Hurricane Andrew on an Elementary School Population Article

SHAW, JA, APPLEGATE, B, TANNER, S et al. (1995). Psychological Effects of Hurricane Andrew on an Elementary School Population . 34(9), 1185-1192. 10.1097/00004583-199509000-00016

cited authors

  • SHAW, JA; APPLEGATE, B; TANNER, S; PEREZ, D; ROTHE, E; CAMPO-BOWEN, AE; LAHEY, BL

fiu authors

abstract

  • To explore the prevalence and progression of posttraumatic symptomatology (PTS), using emotional and behavioral indices of psychopathology in school-age children in the pathway of Hurricane Andrew (HI-IMPACT) and in a comparison group north of Miami (LO-IMPACT). Pynoos' Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index and Achenbach's Teacher's Report Form (TRF) were administered 8 weeks and 32 weeks after the hurricane. In addition, 21 measures of disruptive behavior cataloged by Dade County Public Schools were aggregated and compared by grading period between pre- and posthurricane school years. There were no statistically significant differences between the two schools in PTS at 8 weeks after the hurricane, although the children in the HI-IMPACT school were more likely to have severe PTS. TRF findings at 8 weeks revealed that children in the HI-IMPACT school evidenced lower means on the eight TRF scales and on the broader Internalizing and Externalizing measures. Analysis of the disruptive behavior revealed a drop in the marking period immediately after the hurricane in the HI-IMPACT area, but an opposite effect was observed in the LO-IMPACT area. After the hurricane there was an initial increase in PTS and a concomitant decrease in other measures of behavior and psychopathology. PTS remained relatively high throughout the school year, but there was a rebound and subsequent normalization of the measures of disruptive behavior. © 1995, The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • January 1, 1995

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 1185

end page

  • 1192

volume

  • 34

issue

  • 9