DTN-Balance: A Forwarding-Capacity and Forwarding-Queue Aware Routing for Self-organizing DTNs Article

Wang, W, Bai, Y, Feng, P et al. (2021). DTN-Balance: A Forwarding-Capacity and Forwarding-Queue Aware Routing for Self-organizing DTNs . 118(1), 575-598. 10.1007/s11277-020-08033-3

cited authors

  • Wang, W; Bai, Y; Feng, P; Huang, J; Sha, M; Tantai, J

fiu authors


  • In delay-tolerant networks (DTNs), intermittent network connectivity and lack of global system information pose serious challenges to achieve effective data forwarding. Most state-of-the-art DTN routing algorithms are based on hill-climbing heuristics in order to select the best available next hop to achieve satisfactory network throughput and routing efficiency. An adverse consequence of this approach is that a small subset of good users take on most of the forwarding tasks. This can quickly deplete scarce resources (e.g. storage, battery, etc.) in heavily utilized devices which degrades the network reliability. A system with a significant amount of traffic carried by a small number of users is not robust to denial of service attacks and random failures. To overcome these deficiencies, this paper proposes a new routing algorithm, DTN-Balance, that takes the forwarding capacity and forwarding queue of the relay nodes into account to achieve a better load distribution in the network. For this, we defined a new routing metric called message forwarding utility combining nodal available bandwidth and forwarding workload. Applying small world theory, we impose an upper bound on the end-to-end hop count that results in a sharp increase in routing efficiency. Queued messages in a forwarding node are arranged by DTN-Balance based on message dropping utility metric for a more intelligent decision in the case of a message drop. The performance of our method is compared with that of the existing algorithms by simulations on real DTN traces. The results show that our algorithm provides outstanding forward efficiency at the expense of a small drop in the throughput.

publication date

  • May 1, 2021

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 575

end page

  • 598


  • 118


  • 1