Gender as an obstacle in HIV/AIDS prevention: Considerations for the development of HIV/AIDS prevention efforts for male-to-female transgenders Article

Rodríguez-Madera, S, Toro-Alfonso, J. (2005). Gender as an obstacle in HIV/AIDS prevention: Considerations for the development of HIV/AIDS prevention efforts for male-to-female transgenders . 8(2-3), 113-122. 10.1300/J485v08n02_10

cited authors

  • Rodríguez-Madera, S; Toro-Alfonso, J

abstract

  • Social discourses regarding gender are responsible for molding people's cognitions, perceptions, behaviors, and interactions with others. Approaching and understanding gender socialization is an important strategy that must be included in the development of HIV/AIDS prevention intervention efforts targeting male-to-female (MTF) transgender people. This paper represents an effort to identify the influence of gender construction among a group of MTF transgenders in Puerto Rico. Using combined methodology, authors examined results from a questionnaire and in-depth interviews with a convenience sample of MTF transgenders living in the San Juan metropolitan area. Quantitative analysis demonstrated that this sample is composed of young, unemployed, and undereducated population. Many participated in the sex industry. Participants reported need for basic health and social services and alienation from social networks. Qualitative analysis confirmed their traditional social construction of the "feminine." Their discourse underlines their need to reinforce their identity by the construction of a female self which undermines their possibilities for negotiating saler sex, as happens to most females in Latino societies. Social vulnerability, institutional exclusion, and gender construction issues are obstacles for the HIV prevention efforts among these communities. © 2005 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

publication date

  • December 1, 2005

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 113

end page

  • 122

volume

  • 8

issue

  • 2-3