Association Analysis of Driver Gene-Related Genetic Variants Identified Novel Lung Cancer Susceptibility Loci with 20,871 Lung Cancer Cases and 15,971 Controls. Other Scholarly Work

Wang, Yuzhuo, Gorlova, Olga Y, Gorlov, Ivan P et al. (2020). Association Analysis of Driver Gene-Related Genetic Variants Identified Novel Lung Cancer Susceptibility Loci with 20,871 Lung Cancer Cases and 15,971 Controls. . 29(7), 1423-1429. 10.1158/1055-9965.epi-19-1085

cited authors

  • Wang, Yuzhuo; Gorlova, Olga Y; Gorlov, Ivan P; Zhu, Meng; Dai, Juncheng; Albanes, Demetrius; Lam, Stephen; Tardon, Adonina; Chen, Chu; Goodman, Gary E; Bojesen, Stig E; Landi, Maria Teresa; Johansson, Mattias; Risch, Angela; Wichmann, Heunz-Erich; Bickeboller, Heike; Christiani, David C; Rennert, Gad; Arnold, Susanne M; Brennan, Paul; Field, John K; Shete, Sanjay; Le Marchand, Loïc; Melander, Olle; Brunnstrom, Hans; Liu, Geoffrey; Hung, Rayjean J; Andrew, Angeline S; Kiemeney, Lambertus A; Zienolddiny, Shanbeh; Grankvist, Kjell; Johansson, Mikael; Caporaso, Neil E; Woll, Penella J; Lazarus, Philip; Schabath, Matthew B; Aldrich, Melinda C; Stevens, Victoria L; Ma, Hongxia; Jin, Guangfu; Hu, Zhibin; Amos, Christopher I; Shen, Hongbing

fiu authors

abstract

  • Background

    A substantial proportion of cancer driver genes (CDG) are also cancer predisposition genes. However, the associations between genetic variants in lung CDGs and the susceptibility to lung cancer have rarely been investigated.

    Methods

    We selected expression-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms (eSNP) and nonsynonymous variants of lung CDGs, and tested their associations with lung cancer risk in two large-scale genome-wide association studies (20,871 cases and 15,971 controls of European descent). Conditional and joint association analysis was performed to identify independent risk variants. The associations of independent risk variants with somatic alterations in lung CDGs or recurrently altered pathways were investigated using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project.

    Results

    We identified seven independent SNPs in five lung CDGs that were consistently associated with lung cancer risk in discovery (P < 0.001) and validation (P < 0.05) stages. Among these loci, rs78062588 in TPM3 (1q21.3) was a new lung cancer susceptibility locus (OR = 0.86, P = 1.65 × 10-6). Subgroup analysis by histologic types further identified nine lung CDGs. Analysis of somatic alterations found that in lung adenocarcinomas, rs78062588[C] allele (TPM3 in 1q21.3) was associated with elevated somatic copy number of TPM3 (OR = 1.16, P = 0.02). In lung adenocarcinomas, rs1611182 (HLA-A in 6p22.1) was associated with truncation mutations of the transcriptional misregulation in cancer pathway (OR = 0.66, P = 1.76 × 10-3).

    Conclusions

    Genetic variants can regulate functions of lung CDGs and influence lung cancer susceptibility.

    Impact

    Our findings might help unravel biological mechanisms underlying lung cancer susceptibility.

publication date

  • July 1, 2020

keywords

  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Male
  • Middle Aged

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Medium

  • Print-Electronic

start page

  • 1423

end page

  • 1429

volume

  • 29

issue

  • 7