Characterization of N-glucuronidation of the lung carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) in human liver: importance of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A4. Other Scholarly Work

Wiener, Doris, Doerge, Daniel R, Fang, Jia-Long et al. (2004). Characterization of N-glucuronidation of the lung carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) in human liver: importance of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A4. . 32(1), 72-79. 10.1124/dmd.32.1.72

cited authors

  • Wiener, Doris; Doerge, Daniel R; Fang, Jia-Long; Upadhyaya, Pramod; Lazarus, Philip

fiu authors

abstract

  • The nicotine-derived tobacco-specific nitrosamine, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), is one of the most potent and abundant procarcinogens found in tobacco and tobacco smoke and is considered to be a causative agent for several tobacco-related cancers. Glucuronidation of the major metabolite of NNK, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), has been implicated as an important mechanism for NNK detoxification. To characterize NNAL metabolism by N-glucuronidation in humans, high-pressure liquid chromatography was used to detect glucuronide conjugates of NNAL formed in human liver microsomes in vitro. In addition to peaks corresponding to the O-glucuronides of NNAL (NNAL-O-Gluc), a second series of peaks were observed in human liver microsomes that were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to be NNAL N-glucuronides (NNAL-N-Gluc). Microsomes prepared from liver specimens from individual subjects (n = 42) exhibited substantial variability in the levels of NNAL-N-Gluc (49-fold variability) and NNAL-O-Gluc (49-fold variability) formed in vitro. This variability was likely not due to differences in tissue quality, as substantial variability (5-fold) was also observed in the ratio of NNAL-N-Gluc/NNAL-O-Gluc formation, with a mean ratio of 1.7 in the 42 specimens. Liver microsomes from smokers (n = 14) exhibited no significant difference in the levels of either NNAL-N-Gluc or NNAL-O-Gluc formation, or in the ratio of NNAL-N-Gluc/NNAL-O-Gluc formation, as compared with liver microsomes from never smokers (n = 28). Overexpressed UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A4 exhibited significant levels of N-glucuronidating activity (V(max)/K(m) = 3.11 microl. min(-1). g(-1)) in vitro; no NNAL-N-glucuronide formation was detected for the 11 other overexpressed UGT enzymes tested in these studies. These results demonstrate the importance of N-glucuronidation in the metabolism of NNAL and the role of UGT1A4 in this pathway.

publication date

  • January 1, 2004

keywords

  • Carcinogens
  • Cell Line
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Glucuronides
  • Glucuronosyltransferase
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Liver
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Nitrosamines
  • Palatine Tonsil
  • Pyridines
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco, Smokeless

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Medium

  • Print

start page

  • 72

end page

  • 79

volume

  • 32

issue

  • 1