A pilot study investigating the relationship between heart rate variability and blood pressure in young adults at risk for cardiovascular disease Article

Bolin, LP, Saul, AD, Bethune Scroggs, LL et al. (2022). A pilot study investigating the relationship between heart rate variability and blood pressure in young adults at risk for cardiovascular disease . 28(1), 10.1186/s40885-021-00185-z

cited authors

  • Bolin, LP; Saul, AD; Bethune Scroggs, LL; Horne, C

fiu authors

abstract

  • Background: Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death globally with hypertension being a primary cause of premature death from this disease process. Individuals with a family history of cardiovascular disease and hypertension are at a greater risk for developing the same sequela. Autonomic cardiac control is important in the level of cardiac function. One intervention that is effective in improving cardiovascular function is heart rate variability biofeedback training. The purpose of our study was to determine the effectiveness of heart rate biofeedback training on HRV and blood pressure in individuals with a family history of cardiovascular disease. Methods: Thirty-four participants (76.5% female, 22.7 ± 4.3 years) completed a baseline assessment and training using an established short-term HRV protocol followed by two weeks of at-home paced breathing employing a smartphone application. The participants were then reassessed in a biofeedback clinic. Results: The participants physiological measures showed a significant increase in means between pre and post intervention of SDNN (t (32) = 2.177, p =.037) and TP, (t (32) = 2.327 p =.026). Correlation noted a medium effect on diastolic blood pressure and high frequency heart rate variability, F, r =.41, n =33, p <.05. A multiple regression with all predictor variables in the model found no significance with diastolic and systolic blood pressure. Conclusions: The findings from this pilot study demonstrated that a two-week paced breathing intervention may assist in reducing heart rate and diastolic blood pressure while improving heart rate variability.

publication date

  • December 1, 2022

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

volume

  • 28

issue

  • 1