The Mediating Effect of Maternal Wellbeing on the Association between Neighborhood Perception and Child Wellbeing: A Longitudinal Investigation. Article

Fava, Nicole M, Panisch, Lisa S, Burke, Shanna L et al. (2022). The Mediating Effect of Maternal Wellbeing on the Association between Neighborhood Perception and Child Wellbeing: A Longitudinal Investigation. . 10.1007/s10995-022-03490-7

cited authors

  • Fava, Nicole M; Panisch, Lisa S; Burke, Shanna L; Li, Tan; Spadola, Christine E; O'Driscoll, Janice; Leviyah, Xeniah

fiu authors

abstract

  • Objectives

    Negative perceptions of one's neighborhood are linked to poor mental and physical health. However, it is unclear how caregiver's neighborhood perception affects health outcomes in children. This study assessed the mediating effect of maternal wellbeing on the association between neighborhood perception and child wellbeing at different time points and overall.

    Method

    A structural equation model (SEM) was used to evaluate whether maternal wellbeing mediates the influence of neighborhood perception on child wellbeing at different ages. The Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study data from years 3, 5, and 9 was analyzed. The delta method evaluated the mediation effect of maternal wellbeing, controlling for mothers' age. Direct and indirect effects of neighborhood perception at year 3 on child wellbeing at year 9 via maternal wellbeing at year 5 were analyzed via a longitudinal mediation with a two time points lag.

    Results

    Maternal wellbeing partially mediated the effect of neighborhood perception on child wellbeing at different ages. Longitudinal mediation analyses revealed that better neighborhood perception at year 3 improved maternal wellbeing at year 5 and child wellbeing at year 9; maternal wellbeing at year 5 partially mediated the effect of neighborhood perception at year 3 on child wellbeing at year 5.

    Conclusions for practice

    Our findings suggest that it may be beneficial for mental health practitioners to discuss relationships between neighborhood environment and wellbeing with caregivers, with a focus on reframing negative self-perceptions. Future research should evaluate longitudinal relationships between changes in neighborhood infrastructure and corresponding wellbeing in caregivers and children.

publication date

  • August 8, 2022

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Medium

  • Print-Electronic