China's rise as a major contributor to science and technology Article

Xie, Y, Zhang, C, Lai, Q. (2014). China's rise as a major contributor to science and technology . 111(26), 9437-9442. 10.1073/pnas.1407709111

cited authors

  • Xie, Y; Zhang, C; Lai, Q

fiu authors

abstract

  • In the past three decades, China has become a major contributor to science and technology. China now employs an increasingly large labor force of scientists and engineers at relatively high earnings and produces more science and engineering degrees than the United States at all levels, particularly bachelor's. China's research and development expenditure has been rising. Research output in China has been sharply increasing since 2002, making China the second largest producer of scientific papers after the United States. The quality of research by Chinese scientists has also been improving steadily. However, China's rise in science also faces serious difficulties, partly attributable to its rigid, top-down administrative system, with allegations of scientific misconduct trending upward.

publication date

  • July 1, 2014

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 9437

end page

  • 9442

volume

  • 111

issue

  • 26