Neurotoxicity and Brain Regional Distribution of Manganese in Mice Conference

Kobayashi, H, Uchida, M, Sato, I et al. (2003). Neurotoxicity and Brain Regional Distribution of Manganese in Mice . 22(4), 679-689. 10.1081/TXR-120026921

cited authors

  • Kobayashi, H; Uchida, M; Sato, I; Suzuki, T; Hossain, MM; Suzuki, K

fiu authors

abstract

  • Manganese (Mn) is known to cause neurotoxicity in the central nervous system similar to Parkinsonism in man, but the mechanism underlying remains to be well clarified. Catalepsy is used to observe Parkinsonism in laboratory animals. In the present study, effects of repeated injection of Mn chloride (MnCl2) on catalepsy, dopamine receptors and distribution of 54Mn in the brain were investigated. [Methods] Female ICR mice were injected with 0, 10, 30 or 50 mg/kg/day of MnCl2 for 3 days, and examined for catalepsy and the binding ability of striatum, hippocampus and cerebral cortex to [3H]haloperidol to detect and change of dopamine D2-receptors. Whole-body burden and disposition of 54Mn in the brain regions and liver were determined after the repeated injection of 54MNCl2. Mice were given L-dopa at 25 mg/kg 2 hr prior to MnCl2 injection to examined if the catalepsy was abolished. [Results] Mice showed catalepsy following injection of MnCl2 at 50 mg/kg, but not with less than 30 mg/kg. The catalepsy initiated about 60, 60 and 30 min after injection of MnCl2 on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd day, respectively, and lasted for about 60 min. L-dopa slightly reversed the catalepsy. The binding of [3H]haloperidol in the three brain regions from mice treated with MnCl2 was lower than that from control. The concentration of 54Mn in the striatum and remaining areas, including substantia nigra, was the highest in the brain regions examined. [Conclusion] Since L-dopa slightly alleviated catalepsy by MnCl2, and binding of [3H]haloperidol was decreased in brain regions, MnCl2 might induce catalepsy by suppressing D2 receptors in the striatum-substantia nigra.

publication date

  • December 22, 2003

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

start page

  • 679

end page

  • 689

volume

  • 22

issue

  • 4