Friend or foe, wind at height Conference

cited authors

  • Irwin, P; Kilpatrick, J; Frisque, A

fiu authors

abstract

  • Wind is often regarded as the foe of tall buildings since it tends to be the governing lateral load. Careful aerodynamic design of tall buildings through wind tunnel testing can greatly reduce wind loads and their affect on building motions. Various shaping strategies are discussed, aimed particularly at suppression of vortex shedding since it is frequently the cause of crosswind excitation. The use of supplementary damping systems is another approach that takes the energy out of building motions and reduces loads. Different applications of damping systems are described on several buildings. Wind also has some potential beneficial effects particular to tall buildings. One is that, since wind speeds are higher at the heights of tall buildings, the potential for extracting wind energy using wind turbines is significantly improved compared with ground level. The paper explores how much energy might be generated in this way relative to the building's energy usage. Other benefits are to be found in judicious use of natural ventilation, sometimes involving double layer wall systems, and, in hot climates, the combination of tailored wind and shade conditions to improve outdoor comfort near tall buildings and on balconies and terraces.

publication date

  • January 1, 2008

start page

  • 336

end page

  • 342